This revised edition includes material that came to light after the trial, as well as arendts. Note to the reader this is a revised and enlarged edition of the book which first appeared in may, 1963. This report on the trial of german nazi leader adolf eichmann first appeared as a series of articles in the new yorker in 1963. In her treatise on the banality of evil, arendt demanded a rethink of established ideas about moral responsibility mon 29 aug 2011 07. The spirit of hannah arendt, i take the liberty of stating that israeli sociologist eva illouz, in her article rethinking the banality of evil theory haaretz, august 5, displays an unfortunate miscomprehension of that fraught term. In milgrams work, members of the general public predominantly men volunteered to take part in a scientific study of memory. The nazi regime had established evil as good, and good as evil. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading eichmann in jerusalem. The grossly misunderstood banality of evil theory israel. About thoughtlessness however, it is clear from arendts report of eichmann that he had knowledge, and that he was able to rationalise and showed willpower. Alexander haslam author of the new psychology of leadership.
Bergen, the questions that preoccupied arendt were the meaning and significance of the nazi genocide to our modern times. They found themselves cast in the role of a teacher with the task of administering shocks of increasing magnitude from 15 v to 450 v in 15v increments to another man the learner. A report on the banality of evil and was prompted at last to do so when i found the book on sale at my local library. He is a former commonwealth scholar at macquarie university sydney and jones scholar at emory university atlanta, who previously held positions at the australian national university 19912001 and the university of exeter 20012012. In 1963, her writings about the trial were published as eichmann in jerusalem. A report on the banality of evil provides insight into one of the most publicized show trials ever. The banality of evil perspective remains influential, but it is not without critics.
Aug 19, 2011 the thoughtlessness of the controversy over arendts book on eichmann only reinforces her point about the banality of evil fri 19 aug 2011 12. Also, the book is overladen with descriptive minutiae and switches back and forth between the nazis and hutus and between individual and collective levels of analysis. Hannah arendts challenge to adolf eichmann judith butler. The banality of evil thesis is the notion that ordinary people commit barbaric acts without realisation of what they are doing. Alexander alex haslam born 1962 is a professor of psychology and arc australian laureate fellow in the school of psychology at the university of queensland his research focuses on areas of social psychology, organisational psychology and health psychology, exploring issues of stereotyping and prejudice, tyranny and resistance, leadership and power, stress and wellbeing.
The concept of the banality of evil is criticized in an article under british psychology journal the psychologist. Steve reicher psychology wiki fandom powered by wikia. I had long wanted to read hannah arendts 1906 1975 study of the eichmann trial, eichmann in jerusalem. The source of evil is not in the banal workings of passionless bureaucracy, but in the delineated content of a shared identity a sense of us that has no place for them, which empowers leaders and mobilises followers. This revised edition includes material that came to. Nov 20, 2012 reicher sd, haslam sa, rath r 2008 making a virtue of evil.
They all suggest that very few nazis could be seen as simply following orders not least because the orders issued by the nazi hierarchy were typically very vague. His research is in the area of social and organisational psychology, exporing issues of stereotyping and prejudice, tyranny and resistance, leadership and power, stress and wellbeing. A spate of books have made similar arguments about the psychology of nazi. Aug 29, 2011 in her treatise on the banality of evil, arendt demanded a rethink of established ideas about moral responsibility mon 29 aug 2011 07.
This is really useful for students who are part of a generation that at first glance may not consider the impact of the second world war or consider its relevance to them today. Personality and social psychology bulletin, 335, pp. The core claim was that if you put good people in a bad situation, bad things will happen. The banalityofevil perspective remains influential, but it is not without critics. Reicher collaborated with professor alex haslam of the university of exeter on the bbc television programme the experiment, which examined conflict, order, rebellion and tyranny in the behaviour of a group of individuals held in a simulated prison environment. Three dynamics of an interactionist social psychology of tyranny. A report on the banality of evil, her book on the trial of nazi. Hannah arendt and the final solution kindle edition by bergen, bernard j download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc, phones or tablets. Amongst other things, these challenged the role account of tyranny associated with the spe as well as broader ideas surrounding the banality of evil.
Banality of evil is a phrase coined by hannah arendt in the title of her 1963 work eichmann in jerusalem. First, they reappraise historical and psychological evidence that supports the broader banality of evil thesisthe idea that ordinary people commit atrocities without awareness, care, or choice. Alexander alex haslam born 1962 is a professor of social psychology in the school of psychology at the university of exeter. How the stanford prison experiment gave us the wrong idea about evil. Soon, evidence emerged to support this chilling idea. From the moment the articles that eventually comprised her book eichmann in jerusalem. Alexander haslam university of exeter stephen reicher university of st. Three dynamics of an interactionist social psychology of tyranny article pdf available in personality and social psychology bulletin 335. The experiment was a documentary series broadcast on bbc television in 2002 produced by steve reicher and alex haslam in which 15 men are randomly selected to be either prisoner or guard, contained in a simulated prison over an eightday period. The dynamics of leadership in the bbc prison study. Open library is an initiative of the internet archive, a 501c3 nonprofit, building a digital library of internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form. This highly original book is the first to explore the political. Arendts study of adolf eichmann at his trialeichmann in jerusalem 1963part of which appeared originally in the new yorker, was a painfully searching investigation into what made the nazi persecutor tick.
He was born in horsforth yorkshire, and educated at felsted school. Most visibly, several historians have begun to reconsider the role of moral agency in acts of genocide e. Download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc, phones or tablets. Hannah arendt most memorably employed it in both the subtitle and closing words of eichmann in jerusalem. Debate on fourth report of session 199798 from the northern ireland affairs committee on the prison. Haslam has worked with michelle ryan on the leadership experiences of women 1 and together they coined the term glass cliff to describe some of their key findings. The banality of good and evil georgetown university press. The controversial journalistic analysis of the mentality that fostered the holocaust, from the author of the origins of totalitarianism sparking a flurry of heated debate, hannah arendts authoritative and stunning report on the trial of german nazi leader adolf eichmann first appeared as a series of articles in the new yorker in 1963.
Beyond the banality of evil psicologia sociale studocu. As i read, the controversial nature of arendts book was brought home to me. His research is in the area of social and organisational psychology, exploring issues of stereotyping and prejudice, tyranny and resistance, leadership and power, stress and wellbeing. Simpson double homicide trial there was the eichmann trial. Alexander haslam psychology wiki fandom powered by wikia. Ironically,milgrams studies cancontributelittletothe understanding of the holocaust as it did not actually require obedience, but conformity. At that point, her earlier imaginative thinking about moral evil was distracted, and the banality of evil slogan was born. Not only is it given prominence in social psychology textbooks 20, but so too it informs the thinking of historians 21, 22, political scientists 23, economists 24, and neuroscientists 25.
Most visibly, several histo rians have begun to reconsider the role of moral agency in acts of genocide e. The bbc prison study explores the social and psychological consequences of putting people in groups of unequal power. T here have been few phrases that have proved as controversial as the famous subtitle hannah arendt chose to sum up her account of the 1961 trial of adolf eichmann. Posted by professor alex haslam professor of social and organisational psychology. The capacity for evil can spread like an epidemic elisabeth.
Three dynamics of an interactionist social psychology of tyranny s. Reicher reexamine the established view, in an article based on the 2007 argyle lecture there is a widespread consensus amongst psychologists that tyranny triumphs either because ordinary people blindly follow orders or else because they mindlessly conform to powerful roles. A report on the banality of evil kindle edition by arendt, hannah, amos elon. Questioning the banality of evil the banalityofevil perspective remains influential, but it is not without critics. These dynamics can make evil appear banal but are far from banal themselves. Articles from plos biology are provided here courtesy of public library of science. Questioning the banality of evil the banality of evil perspective remains influential, but it is not without critics. A report on the banality of evil were published in the new yorker, the idea that the execution of the nazis diabolical plans for an. Beyond the banality of evil 2007 was perhaps the most significant omission. A report on the banality of evil public library a sobering reflection on the lesson that this long course in human wickedness had taught us the lesson of the fearsome, wordandthoughtdefying banality of evil.
Hannah arendts original articles on the banality of evil. Alexander haslam alex haslam is a professor of social psychology in the school of psychology at the university of exeter. The bbc prison study explores the social and psychological consequences of putting people in. The experiment which became known as the bbc prison study reexamined issues raised. In it, she states that the trial of this nazi illustrates the banality of evil.
Some of us even know which political theorist to attribute it to, and among those, a few have even read it in context. What did hannah arendt really mean by the banality of evil. The controversial journalistic analysis of the mentality that fostered the holocaust originally appearing as a series of articles in the new yorker, hannah arendts authoritative and stunning report on the trial of nazi leader adolf eichmann sparked a flurry of debate upon its publication. The banality of evil thesis appears to be a truth almost universally acknowledged. Alex haslam is professor of social and organizational psychology and australian laureate fellow at the university of queensland. The thoughtlessness of the controversy over arendts book on eichmann only reinforces her point about the banality of evil fri 19 aug 2011 12. Debate on fourth report of session 199798 from the northern ireland affairs committee on the prison service in northern ireland. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading the banality of evil. This highly original book is the first to explore the political and philosophical consequences of hannah arendts concept of the banality of evil, a term she used to describe adolph eichmann, architect of the nazi final solution.
Haslam sa, reicher sd 2012 contesting the nature of. Haslam and reicher develop this argument in two ways. Blumenthal is jay and leslie cohen professor of judaic studies in the department of religion at emory university. Reicher argued that crimes on the scale of eichmanns cannot be committed by ordinary people. Supporting popular notions of the banality of evil, this research has. Having spent five years delving into the writings of the political thinker hannah arendt, while researching my 2015 documentary vita activa. Three dynamics of an interactionist social psychology of tyranny, personality and social psychology bulletin, 33.1374 1083 1107 803 72 63 1303 796 1171 565 551 555 1493 1524 238 1080 392 1036 51 666 1270 1285 1600 1589 1479 256 394 1184 1086 1250 228 649 19 663 1221 1403