Human resource management hrm is the part of an organization that works with the employees. The process of managing human resources human capital and intellectual assets to achieve an organizations objectives the process of utilizing human resources to achieve organizational goals why important why are the concepts and techniques of hrm important to all managers. Hrm focuses on the function of people within the business, ensuring best work practices are in place at all times. Hrm is value based gains commitment to the organisations mission and values 4. Human resource management helps them to do so in a structure way, by linking functions such as performance management and training to departmental aims and values. Give me information on strategic management as much as u can. Introduction to human resource management hrm alison.
The course covers the concepts of talent management, human capital investment, recruitment, induction, compensation, performance appraisal and more. Differening approaches to strategic human resource management azhar kazmi and faruq ahmad abstract strategic human resource management shrm has emerged as a significant issue in tandem with the increasing attention being given by the companies to strategy. Kavanagh editors note the purpose of this chapter is to provide an introduction to the fields of human resource management hrm and information technology it, and the com. Difference between strategic hrm and hrm business essay. Discuss the impact of computer technology on the evolution of hrm.
Hr integration meaning in the cambridge english dictionary. Traditionally, human resource management focuses on hourly employees, with most clerical exempt employees also included. Introduction to human resource management, management. Introduction to hrm human resource management online course. Strategic human resource managementa framework st rategic human resource management is the process of aligning hr strategies with the business strategy to accomplish the performance goals through employees competency and commitment. By a strategic approach to hrm, we are referring to a managerial process requiring human resource hr policies and practices to be linked with the strategic objectives of the organization. Strategic human resource management shrm is the main concern of the managers who are expanding their business at global level. Introduction, meaning, definition, nature and scope of hrm and hrd, evolution of hrm, difference between personnel management and hrm, features of hrm, hrm functions, objectives of hrm, policies, procedures and programmes, practices, organization of hrm, line and staff responsibility role of personnel manager and hr manager, qualities of hr, hr manager as a strategic. The strategic role of international hrm insure that hrm policies are congruent with the firms strategy, structure and controls.
Types of staffing policy ethnocentric key management positions filled by parentcountry nationals polycentric hostcountry nationals manage subsidiaries, parent company nationals hold key headquarter positions. Pinning down an acceptable definition can seem like trying to hit a moving target in a fog. Strategic human resource management is to ensure that human resource management is fully integrated into strategic planning, that hrm policies cohere both across policy areas and across hierarchies and that hrm policies are accepted and used by line managers as part of their every day work, opines guest. Introduction to hrm resource human resource management.
It is the attempt to improve the current or future performance of an employee by increasing the ability of an employee through educating and increasing ones skills or knowledge in the particular subject. Traditional and strategic approaches to human resources, or hr, offer an organization different models for providing what employees need. The debate on strategic advantages of ehrm still continues. Human resource management hrm definition and concept. Approaches to strategic hrm strategic human resource management manu melwin joy 1. Strategic functions increase for hr in organizations. This paper reports the results of an exploratory study examining firm characteristics associated with choosing an administrative or strategic approach to hrm.
Introduction to hrm uk human resource management articles. Generally, it is said that to achieve the organizational objectives, retailers must set up a proper correlation between the objectives and the functions. A strategic approach to human resource management is not only essential for growing companies, it can act as a prime catalyst for that growth. It provides new avenues for the promotion of team learning in the. Definition 2 influencing hrm is concerned with the people dimensions in management. Opening case on october 3, 2003, anant dalvi and akhtar khan, who worked as contract workers in tata electric company until they were laid off in 1996. Chapter 1 strategic hrm strategic management human.
As a level one module it aims to encourage critical thinking and analysis and embed the use of problem based learning within the programme. Strategic hrm is the process of linking the hr function with the strategic objectives of the organization in order to improve performance. It introduces you to the essential elements of hrm, its origins and applications. Human resource management is a strategic approach to the management of employees. Human resources management hrm has evolved from the personnel department activities popular decades ago. Critics of strategic human resource management say that it is a good idea in theory but often hard to implement at the organisational level. Strategic human resource management research in the. Human resource management is the process of recruiting, selecting, inducting employees, providing orientation, imparting training and development, appraising the performance of employees, deciding compensation and providing benefits, motivating employees, maintaining proper relations with employees and their trade unions, ensuring employees safety, welfare and healthy measures in compliance. Larry bossidy, ceo, alliedsignal the birth of the field of strategic human resource management strategic hrm arguably took place less than 20 years ago. In shrm, the workforce of the company is managed proactively. It involves the maximization of the organizational effectiveness through the management of the human potential such as their capabilities, talents and time. In societal context, organization need people and people need organization. Jan 18, 2018 human resource management hrm is a modern approach of managing people at workplace which deals with combining physical energies and their strengths with human competencies.
The hr function exists to support employees on the job through training and development and in their personal lives, including. Human resource management is the process of recruitment, selection, training, appraising performance, compensating, maintaining relationships, looking welfare, healthy and safety measures of employees and compliance with labour laws of the land. Human resource management is an approach to the management of employees, it involves the process of employing people, developing their skillscapacity and utilizing their services. Armstrong 2007 describes hrm as a unique approach to employment management which seeks to achieve competitive advantage through the strategic. Human resource management hrm is an operation in companies designed to maximize employee performance in order to meet the employers strategic goals and objectives. Human resource management hrm is the term used to describe formal systems devised for the management of people within an organization. Introduction to hrm free download as powerpoint presentation. Human resource management the real sources of competitive leverage are the culture and capabilities of your organization that derive from how you manage your people. The successful management of an organizations human resources is an exciting, dynamic and challenging task, especially at a time when the world has become a global village and economies are in a state of flux. The module is designed to introduce students to the basic building blocks for further study of human resource management. Chapter objectives to introduce competing definitions of hrm to describe how the term human resource management came to be so widely used to outline the characteristics of the highcommitment variant of hrm to outline the changing hr function and the growing role of line managers in hrm.
Shrm is the process of aligning the business strategy with the companys human resource practices, so as to attain strategic goals of an organization. Human resource management hrm refers to a strategic and coherent approach which involves the management of manpower, the main asset, in an organization. Describe how the major roles of hr management are being transformed. Defining the field graeme salaman, john storey and jon billsberry 1 the significance of strategic human resource management strategic human resource management shrm has been, and remains, one of the most powerful and influential ideas to have emerged in the field of. Scribd is the worlds largest social reading and publishing site.
Introduction to human resource management eleventh edition slides lecture first chapter 1. Pdf the successful implementation of strategic human. Hrm involves the process of employing people, developing their skillscapacities, and utilizing their services. What is strategic human resource management and how can it. Many people do not know the main difference between traditional hrm and strategic hrm. The need of a hrm change from traditional to strategic with organizational transition a case study of a swedish highspeedgrowth company dissertation, 15 ects. Human resource management hrm is the process of managing people in organizations in a structured and thorough manner. Take a glance at the article presented here that explains the difference between hrm and shrm. Core functions of human resource management boundless. Introduction to human resource management human resources are the most valuable and unique assets of an organization. Theorizing about the impact of strategic human resource management.
Aug 01, 2017 training and development are the indispensable functions of human resource management. Hr polices and practices are linked to the hrm strategy. An analysis of the relationship between international strategic positioning and the degree of integrated strategic human resource management dissertation presented to the graduate council of the university of north texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of. There are no specific rules for hrm whereas in strategic hrm, there are specific rules specified for specialized fields. Pdf introduction to human resources management presentation starting with the. Hrm believes employees share the same interest as employers 6. Hrm is mainly a line management responsibility and is closely linked to performance management 3. Strategic hrm an overview free download as powerpoint presentation. The design, implementation and maintenance of strategies to manage people for optimum business performance in other words, hrm is about how people are managed by a business in order to meet the strategic objectives of the business. Part i introduction to human resource management and. Survey finds hr adding strategic planning role to help bottom line alexandria, va.
The impact of strategic human resource management on organizational performance 106 number of people with the appropriate behaviours, the needed competencies and the necessary level of motivation to the organization. Pooja rahul sharma faculty of hrm hlcpe, ahmedabad 2. Prepared by kindly restrict the use of slides for personal purpose. Introduction to human resource management chapter 2. Strategic human resource management shrm is concerned with the relationship between hrm and strategic management in an organization. Traditional hr vs strategic hr pdf download citehr. Understand the basic concepts of human resource management hrm.
Approaches to strategic hrm strategic human resource. Human resource management and human resource information systems the role of information technology mohan thite michael j. Human resource management hrm introduction business tutor2u. To put it another way, strategic human resource management is the. The role of strategic human resource management in. It is designed to maximize employee performance in service of an employers strategic objectives. An introduction to human resource management nick wilton. Strategic hrm uses a more sophisticated method for improving the overall employee motivation and production as well as it focuses on the sage of more systematic tools to achieve focus on partnerships with internal and external customers through the. Hr manager is responsible for managing employee expectations visavis the management objectives. Pdf on feb 25, 2014, jenni gobind and others published strategic human resource management. Management and organizational behavior is an introductory course which offers a variety yet comprehensive contexts, processes and approaches adopted in managing both public and private entities globally. Human resource management hrm introduction business. Human resource management hrm or hr is the strategic approach to the effective management of people in a company or organization such that they help their business gain a competitive advantage.
Know the differences between personnel management and human resource management 3. More precisely, hrm focuses on management of people within companies, emphasizing on policies and systems. Main differences between traditional hrm and strategic hrm. Strategy comes out of process of ascertaining objectives of business unit, making necessary changes in such objectives taking decisions in respect of utilization of required resources, for achieving. Any large or midsize business will have a human resource management department. As explained earlier, it mainly deals with the recruitment, compensation etc. Translating the organisations objectives and values into tangible initiatives that can be driven by the hr department is a complex problem underlying strategic hrm.
Introduction to human resources management learning outcomes. Human resource strategy an elaborate and systematic plan of action developed by the human resource department. This paper gives an overview of the concept of human resource management, hrm. This concept uses strategic approach which means that the hrm plays strategic role in the organization. Based on human resource management, 4th edition, by alan price many people find hrm to be a vague and elusive concept not least because it seems to have a variety of meanings.
The purpose of the essay is to explain the characteristic of the strategic hrm and evaluate how the strategic hrm can help achieve the organizational objectives by using the existing theories or model. Based on human resource management, 4th edition, by alan price, published by cengage. Human resource management encyclopedia business terms. It is written primarily for the hrm professionals and managers in ministries and government institutions in order to provide basic knowledge on hrm in. Introduction 2 organization is a group of people established either formally or informally for the attainment of certain objectives. Strategic and administrative human resource management. The successful implementation of strategic human resource management practices. Human resource management is usually shortened to hrm. Hrm must play a more strategic role in the success of an organisation. It is people who staff, lead and control organizations.
The traditional aspects of hrm methods are more towards the selection of recruitment process and imparting training. Strategic and administrative human resource management hrm. Hrm007 strategic human resource management synopsis to make students. Strategic human resource management an introduction ms. Introduction to human resource management and human. Even some corporate people whose are in the top hr positions in many reputed organizations, are also confused these both.
All the decisions, strategies, factors, principles, operations, practices, functions, activities and methods. Functions of human resource management businesstopia. Approaches to strategic hrm strategic human resource management 2. Hrm is human resources management which is a strategic approach to the management of employees. Hrm overview human resource management topics ppts. Definition and components given the increasingly significant role of human resources in an organization, hrm has become strategic in nature. Definition by mc farland, management principles and practices, new york. Hrm in people centric industry is concerned with the people dimensions of the organization.
This paper argues that, particularly in an international context, it is possible to explain the different definitions and ap. Hrm is strategic identifying critical areas to develop and. The need of a hrm change from traditional to strategic. Role of hrm in strategic management pdf international journal of business and social science. Part i introduction to human resource management and human. The overall aim of modern human resource management is to ensure that the organisation. This definition tells us that an hr strategy includes detailed pathways to implement hrm strategic plans and hr plans. According to adi godrej, all corporate strengths are dependent on people.
The major functional areas in human resource management are recruitment and selection staffing, employee orientation, training and development, compensation and employee benefits, assessing employee performance, career planning and development, job analysis, human resource planning and auditing, welfare, healthy and safety measures of employees and maintaining labour relations. This exciting new introductory text in human resource management moves beyond a prescriptive approach to provide a holistic overview of the role of hrm in its contemporary context. This is a comprehensive online course on hrm human resource management delivered by a leading hr expert and consultant. Essentially, human resource managers act as liaisons between workers and executives. When there is the need for employing more staff the hrm will source suitable applicants. Understand objectives of human resource management 4. Functions of human resource management recruitment. Hrm is viewed as an allembracing term describing a number of distinctive approaches to people management. Traditional hrm has strengthened its role within organizations to become more of a strategic hrm partner in ensuring the company utilizes human resources people for growth and performance. According to flippo personnel management, or say, human resource management is the planning, organising, directing and controlling of the procurement development compensation integration, 4intenance, and separation of human resources to the end that individual, organisational and social objectives are accomplished. Jan 22, 2012 introduction to human resource management eleventh edition slides lecture first chapter 1. It is the policy which ensures right quality and quantity of human resource at right time in the company. Mba distance mode dba 1744 strategic human management and development iii semester course material centre for distance education anna university chennai chennai 600 025. Hrm introduction human resource management hrm is an operation in companies designed to maximize employee performance in order to meet the employers strategic goals and objec.
Wright and mcmahan 1992 defined strategic human resource management shrm as the pattern of planned human resource deployments and activities intended to. Core functions of human resource management employee recruitment recruitment is the process of identifying an organizational gap and attracting, evaluating, and hiring employees to fill that role. Human resource management brings out the important values of trust, care, teamwork, encouragement and development which help the government meet the principle of. Explain what human resource management is and how it relates to the management process. Human resource management in the context of a global company. Introduction to human resources management lesson summary. Strategic hrm an overview human resource management. Appropriate methods of hrm can have an important role in the strategic success of organizations. It is common to combine hr and hrm, but it is important to understand the differences. But today, hrm has come across many changes, and the latest one is the strategic hrm which is the most powerful idea currently. Difference between hrm and shrm with comparison chart.
Chapter 1 strategic hrm free download as powerpoint presentation. In order to achieve the objectives as stated above, hrm must perform certain functions. Differening approaches to strategic human resource. A strategic approach to human resources is concerned with all of the firms employees, not just its hourly or operational personnel. To understand the main differences between these two, we have to know what is traditional hrm, and what is strategic hrm. It describes the most important hrm processes and the prevalent ideas about the roles and functions of modern hrm. Human resource management is a strategic, integrated and coherent approach to the employment, development and wellbeing of the people working in organisations armstrong, 2016. Pdf key role of strategic human resource management. Human resource management h r m definition 1 integration hrm is a series of integrated decisions that form the employment relationships. The responsibilities of a human resource manager fall into. Chapter 1 simply introduces these concepts, with chapter 2 strategic approaches, chapter 3 on hr and strategic hrm. The upper management makes the hr strategy and the hr department or lower management tries to fulfill the strategy in hrm. Introduction to human resource management and environment objective of the unit after the completion of the unit the student will be able to 1.701 148 763 289 763 322 1461 368 892 120 550 1368 465 730 608 1338 1112 125 821 189 1582 1598 1173 1084 830 260 753 377 1306 361 896 1393 758 273 1170 786 584 857 366 1205 1049 856 1413